Soar himself studies termite mounds to see how we too can create cleverly designed ventilated buildings that use minimal energy, much like these extraordinary little insects have already perfected. The project concerns reconstructing cultural sites and landmarks in Hadramut that have been targeted in the war. And similarly, The Gherkin is supported by an exoskeleton structure, and is designed so ventilation flows through the entire building. Led by architects Ronald Rael and Virginia San Fratello, Rael San Fratello created four mud structures as part of its Emerging Objects investigative series into 3D printing. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link at the bottom of every newsletter.
Inhabitants believe the older housing to be 200-300 years old, but it is an established fact that these buildings have been repeatedly reconstructed over the centuries, which has sustained the architectural mass and volume of the city. In the ancient city of Shibam, mud-brick high-rise buildings are clustered in a walled mass that exudes the genius of Yemeni earth architecture. EARTHA : Earth Architecture and Conservation in East Anglia , British organisation that focuses on the proper maintenance and conservation of earth buildings in a region of the UK that has a long history of building with mud. The tower’s “skin” takes heat from outside air during the day and absorbs it into the structure’s body. It is a myth that only RCC buildings are pucca and mud structures are not. The property of this material is very different from the ones which are in used in modern day construction hence the method of using it is very different. It is a way of ensuring that traditional building methods, materials and skills are passed down the generations, thus generating local work while also reducing environmental impact. Shibam’s fabric and infrastructure had been on a steady course of deterioration for at least two decades: attempts to assist with the city’s urban development – through UNESCO expertise in the 1980s, as well as through the German Technical Development (GTZ) Project between 2000 and 2007 and with some channelled funding from the Social Fund for Development – have miserably failed to make a difference to the quality of life in the city. The largest mud brick building in the world, the mosque is considered to be amongst the greatest achievement of Sudano-Swahelian architecture and one of the most famous landmarks of Africa. However, it is also refreshing and very important to renew buildings and reinforce these structures in the established techniques and methods of the region, sustained by the versatility that earth, as an integral and renewable material, provides.
Germany’s extraordinary “algae house” or BIQ building in Hamburg actually incorporates living matter – microalgae – into its design. Why is Transportation Planning important? But it’s not only Africa that boasts impressive (and sustainable) mud structures, the Middle East is home to some of the most stunning mud buildings in the world. Since 1896, The Architectural Review has scoured the globe for architecture that challenges and inspires.
Mud is the natural home of termites so in areas where they are common the same precautions have to be taken as in all buildings to prevent their moving up into the walls and eating wooden frames etc.
The political unrest in Yemen and the dire economic situation since 2011 made security an issue in the country. Reinforcing the structures of damaged earth buildings is a much more sensitive, precarious and complex job than erecting new constructions – a more straightforward and more predictable process. Toyo Ito drew inspiration from the formation of rocks, caves and the transience of water for his design for The National Taichung Theater, which he hoped would provide a soft and mellow respite within the city of Taichung, Taiwan. Gallery Building, Carrer de l'Escar, 26, 08039 Barcelona.
Lead image: the Quaiti sultanate was ruled from the town of al-Qatn, which had an imposing square nestled in the foothills of the Yemeni mountains. Lights illuminate the indentations along wall at night time to give the structure its name. It was built in 1907, but the town’s mud architecture dates back to at least the 14th century.
The project called Mud Frontiers resulted in 3D-printed designs – Hearth, Beacon, Lookout and Kiln – that the studio believes could help to provide solutions for more affordable construction. We will only use your email address to send you the newsletters you have requested. For more details, please see our privacy notice. Larger towns were walled for defensive purposes, leaving limited space for expansion inside. Dezeen Weekly is a curated newsletter that is sent every Thursday, containing highlights from Dezeen. In their fearless storytelling, independent critical voices explore the forces that shape the homes, cities and places we inhabit. Tree-like columns branch off near the roof for support, and in-between skylights contain green and gold glass to reflect light. Like all materials this is also has its own limitations which can be overcome but the main advantage is we do not need lot of energy to manufacture it unlike brick, ce… "A dense network of undulating mud coils is laid out to create a structure that can be walked upon," Rael added. “This could never have been done before the digital era.”, “Computational tools are currently enabling us to draw and design buildings in such a manner that then the fabrication tools in the factories and on site can replicate that on a larger scale, with a high level of precision and rigour.”. Algae produced within the transparent shell are continuously supplied with nutrients and carbon dioxide by a water circuit which runs through the building’s surface.
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